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Pidanjinu
Pidanjinu Grammar

 

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Pidanjinu Grammar   Advanced

Parts of Speech
Root nouns are one of these forms: CV, CVCV or CVCVCV.

Adjectives and adverbs append -n to the noun.

Verbs append -m to the noun.

Pronouns
Pidanjinu has two main pronouns:
na [< Proto-Oceanic *[i]-[n]au, "first person pronoun {independent form}"] first-person pronoun;  I; me; we; us.
ko [< Proto-Oceanic *[i]ko[e], "second person pronoun {independent form}"] second-person pronoun;  you.

The demonstrative pronouns "this" and "that" are the adjective forms of these pronouns:
nan - demonstrative pronoun; this, these.
kon - demonstrative pronoun; that, those.

Two derived pronouns are:
konna - first-person inclusive pronoun; these of us.
nanko - second-person exclusive pronoun; those of you.

Prepositions
Pidanjinu only has two prepositions:
pu - n. possession;  prep. of, from
so - n. location, place; prep. in, at, on

These are also both used in metaphorical nominative compounds.  Contrast the following:
fiwu-pu-wono ["grass belong mouth".] n. beard, mustache
hodan-fiwu ["rope grass".]  n. munj, munja, Saccharum bengalense, Saccharum munja -- tough Asiatic grass whose culms are used for ropes and baskets

If the compound is a type of the modified noun (e.g., rope grass is a type of grass), then the adjective form of the modifier is fused to the noun:  e.g., hodan-fiwu.  If the compound is only metaphorically a type of the modified noun (e.g., a beard is not literally a type of grass), then the preposition pu is inserted between two noun forms: e.g., fiwu-pu-wono.


Prejunctions
Prejunctions are words like conjunctions and prepositions that relate one noun to another.
Can't say, "the red and blue berries" have to say "the red berries and the blue berries"


Syntax
Sentence = Interjection + "!"
Sentence = Name + "!"
Sentence = (Noun Phrase Series) + Verb Phrase + (Complex Noun Phrase) + Punctuation
Noun Phrase Series = {Extended Noun Phrase + Conjunction} + Extended Noun Phrase
Complex Noun Phrase =  Noun Phrase Series + (Complex Verb Phrase + Extended Noun Phrase)
Complex Verb Phrase = {Verb} + Verb
Simple Verb Phrase = (Negation) + (Aspect) + (Mood) + (Tense) + {Adverb} + (Augdiminutive Adv.) + (Evidential) + Verb
Extended Noun Phrase = Simple Noun Phrase + {Prepositional Phrase}
Prepositional Phrase = Preposition + Simple Noun Phrase
Number Phrase = ((Number) "four and") Number
Simple Noun Phrase = (Determiner) + (Number Phrase) + {Color} + {Adjective} + (Augdiminutive Adj.) + (Gender) + Noun

Compounding
Noun = Root
Noun = Root + Infix + Root
Noun = Adjective + Root
Noun = Verb + Root

A passive sentence is formed by omitting the subject:  Put out fire.  "The fire was put out."

aspect, no tense?
evidentials

I saw the man saw the monkey.  I saw the man who saw the monkey.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
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